CAF's 2014 Economy and Development Report proposes a new approach to understand insecurity and violence from the analysis of the elements that make up a criminal event (individual in special circums...
Since 2002, CAF carries out its Annual Research Competition in the framework of the Research Support Program, an initiative aimed at promoting research in areas of interest for CAF, in order to establish a close relationship between young researchers and more experienced researchers, and to be a place for the generation of projects that contribute to the development of the region.
The competition is mainly aimed, although not exclusively, at researchers associated with universities, research institutes, public and private institutions in Latin America, and to assistant professors, researchers, or post graduate students from CAF's shareholder countries that work at institutions in the United States or Europe, focused on subjects related with Latin America.
CAF provides economic support to the selected proposals, and the finalists may be presented in local seminars or at the annual meeting of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA), and/or may be published in thePerspectivasJournal edited by CAF.
The proposals are evaluated on the basis of the following premises:
- Relevance of the subject within CAF's agenda for the promotion of development
- Academic quality of the proposals
- Relevance from the point of view of the policies
Select each year to see the corresponding winners.
In order to analyze the role of energy as a factor for sustainable development in Latin America, CAF launched a call for research proposals on Energy, Environment and Development. In this opportunity, the jury decided to award four proposals out of 240 received from several countries.
The selection committee included Fernando Navajas (FIEL, UNLP y UBA), Francisco Monaldi (IESA), Fernando Tudela (CCGSS y CCAP), Osmel Manzano (BID), Ligia Castro (CAF), Mauricio Garrón (CAF), Pablo Sanguinetti (CAF) y Hamilton Moss (CAF).
Selection criteria for the proposals were policy relevance for Latin America, the novelty of the work and its methodological rigorousness.
The winning proposals were:
- "Political foundations of electricity losses and theft: evidence from survey experiments and time-series cross-section data in Latin America", by Santiago Lopez-Cariboni. This project aims to analyze political economy aspects of electricity theft. In particular, it looks at whether distributive conflicts and government performance may induce higher tolerance toward illegal energy consumption in several Latin-American countries.
- "Political-Economy Constraints to Clean-Energy Access for Low-Income Households", by Enrique Kawamura. This research proposal presents a dynamic model analyzing the political constraints that may prevent poverty energy alleviation through access to clean energy technologies.
- "Dynamic Incentives to Investment in Green Energy: A Structural Model for Competition in Wholesale Electricity Markets in Developing Countries", by Rodrigo Garcia Ayala. The proposal introduces two structural empirical dynamic models to analyze the decisions of entry, exit and investment in electricity-generation industries taking into account the regulatory framework in place in the country, the expected evolution of market determinants, and competition among firms in the market.
- "Studying fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of preferences, income, prices, and the availability of energy sources and technology",by Walter Gómez Bofill, Mónica Marcela Jaime Torres and Carlos Alberto Chávez Rebolledo. This proposal aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile.
Each winning proposal will receive USD 15 thousand for its development.
In this edition four proposals were favored, with a total of 125 that were received from 19 countries. Each will receive USD 15,000 for its realization.
In the 12th edition of the annual CAF Research Program, the jury decided to award four proposals out of 125 received from 19 countries: Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Spain, United States, Guatemala, Honduras, England, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.
- "Early Impacts of College Aid",by Julio Cáceres-Delpiano (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain) and Eugenio P. Giolito (ILADES / Universidad Alberto Hurtado and IZA, Chile). They propose to measure the impact of a loan granted by the Chilean government for higher education, Crédito con Aval del Estado, on outcomes for students in secondary school and on teen pregnancy.
- "Signalling Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills: Education and Mismatch in Latin America",by Leandro Arozamena, Hernán Ruffo and Martín Santamaría (Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Argentina). This research project plans to study both theoretically and empirically the implications of education as a signaling technology on job quality and to quantify the mismatch generated if education fails to convey accurate information about the cognitive and non-cognitive skills of an employee.
- "Skills for the First Job",by Emilia Abusada, Pablo Lavado and Gustavo Yamada (Universidad del Pacífico, Peru). This document targets to identify the cognitive and non-cognitive abilities that increase the probability of being hired at a quality level first job.
- "The effect of the Kangaroo Mother Care program (KMC) on wages: A structural model", by Orazio Attanasio (UCL and IFS, London, England), Darwin Cortés (Universidad del Rosario, Colombia), Juan Gallego (Universidad del Rosario, Colombia) and Dario Maldonado (Universidad de los Andes, Colombia). The aim is to investigate, through a structural model, the possible mechanisms behind the differences in hourly wages among children who were part of Kangaroo Mother Program in Colombia and those who were not assigned to it.
Innovation and a rigorous methodology in public policies were some of the aspects considered by the selection committee, which included Felipe Barrera-Osorio (Harvard University), Raquel Bernal (Universidad de los Andes) and Sergio Urzúa (University of Maryland).
Each winning proposal will receive USD 15 thousand for its development and will be presented in an academic seminar in July.
In the eleventh edition of CAF's annual Research Contest, the jury decided to choose two winning proposals out of 42 received from eleven countries: Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Ecuador, United States, China, Uruguay, Spain, Sweden, Peru and Venezuela.
- "Political Constraints and State Capacity: Evidence from a Land Allocation Program in Mexico", by Leopoldo Fergusson (Universidad de los Andes, Department of Economics. Colombia), Horacio Larreguy (Harvard University, Department of Government. USA) and Juan Felipe Riaño (Universidad de los Andes, Department of Economics. Colombia). This is a proposal to understand the political constraints in the development of State capacity through the analysis of the regulation regarding land allocation in Mexico.
- "Endogenous emergence of tax institutions and tax performance in the context of ongoing internal conflict: The case of Colombia" by Jacob Shapiro (Princeton University. USA), Abbey Steele (Syracuse University. USA) and Juan F. Vargas (Universidad del Rosario. Colombia). The proposal is to analyze the development of State capacities through the strengthening of tax institutions in a context of internal conflict.
Innovation and a rigorous methodology in public policies were some of the aspects considered by the evaluating committee, which included James Robinson and Lant Pritchett, from Harvard, Mariano Tommasi (Udesa), and CAF's research team.
Each winning proposal will receive USD 15 thousand for its development and will be presented in a seminar in July.
The 2013 invitation read:
The 2012 winning papers about "Citizen Security" were:
- Crime Protection Investment Spillovers: Theory and Evidence (F. Amodio)
- Mi Parque: Experimental Evidence on the Impact of Public Park Upgrading on Citizen Security and Social Capital (F. Gallego, R. Soares y M. Braun)
- Agricultural Shocks, Crime and the Drug Trade in Mexico (O. Dube, O. García-Ponte, y K. Thom)
- The Origins of Citizen Support for Narcos: An Empirical Investigation (F. Machado, K. Imai, G. Blair y C. Velasco)
The 2011 winning papers about "Producitivity and Business Abilities" were:
- "Distortions, Resource Misallocation and Productivity in Latin America" de N. Guner (Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona) y G. Ventura (Arizona State University)
- "Impacto de las políticas de fomento al emprendedorismo: el caso de Buenos Aires Emprende" de H. Ruffo (IERAL de Fundación mediterránea), I. Butler (IERAL de Fundación mediterránea), G. Galassi (IERAL de Fundación mediterránea) y G. Gonzalez (IERAL de Fundación mediterránea)
- "Young businesses, entrepreneurship, and the dynamics of output and employment in Colombia's manufacturing industry" de M. Eslava (Universidad de Los Andes) y J. Haltiwanger (University of Maryland)
- "Financial Frictions, Occupational Choice and Economic Inequality" de L. Allub (Universidad Carlos III) y A. Erosa (Universidad Carlos III)
The 2010 winning paper about "Fiscal policy and development" was:
- Credit Constraints for Higher Education from Alex Solis
The 2009 winning papers about "Development and Natural Resources. How to break the course?" were:
- "Growth and Natural Resource in Latin America: New Evidence Using a Heterogenous Panel Analysis" from Tiago V.de V. Cavalcanti, Kamiar Mohaddes y Mehdi Raissi
- "A Commodity Curse? the Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America" from Leandro Medina
- "State Formation, Tax Structures and Mineral Abundance: Chile and Peru, 1850-1930s", from Maritza Paredes
- "Resource Booms, Governance and Economic Development: Evidence from Brazil's Oil Royalties" from Claudio Ferraz y Joana Monteiro
The 2008 winning papers about "Descentralization and social development in Latin America" were:
- "Coordinating to Limit Pollution Spillovers under Decentralized Management of water in Brazil" from Mushfiq Mobarak
- "Decentralization and access to social services in Colombia" from Jean-Paul Faguet y Fabio Sánchez
- "Local government's capacity and performance: evidence from Peruvian municipalities" from Fernando Aragón y Carlos Casas
The 2007 winning papers about "Infrastructure and development in Latin America" were:
- "Macroeconomic and welfare effects from public infrastructure investment in five Latin American countries" from Carlos Machicado
- "Investing in water and sanitation infrastructure: social participation as social inclusion, case of water provider enterpriser in Bolivia", Title, abstract and table of contents, from Daniela Sanchez
- "Regional export performance: First nature, agglomeration …and destiny?. The role of infrastructure" from Florencia Granato
- "Infrastructure and the location of Foreign Direct Investment: a regional analysis" from Lucio Castro, Paulo Regis y Daniel Saslavsky
The 2006 winning papers about "The social inclusion challenge" were:
- "The performance of decentralized school systems: evidence from Fe y Alegría in Venezuela" from Alcott Hunt y Daniel Ortega
- "Residential segregation effects on poor's opportunities in Chile" from Claudia Sanhueza y Osvaldo Larrañaga
- "Incidencia en el empoderamiento a comunidades atendidas por Organizaciones de Desarrollo y Paz en Colombia" from Margarita Canal
- "Teaching Entrepreneurship: Impact of Business Training on Microfinance Clients and Institutions" from Martin Valdivia y Dean Karlan
The 2005 winning papers about "The productive transformation in Latin America. Promoting productivity and diversification" were:
- "What makes a difference in achieving higher labor productivity? The case of low-income countries in Latin America" from Oswaldo Nina
- "Trade openness and productivity: micro-level evidence from Ecuador 1997-2003" from Sara Wong & Randy Hall
- "Does Foreign Investment facilitate exports?: evidence from Venezuelan Manufacturing" from Maurice Kugler
- "Factor market institutions and factor reallocation in Latin America: the case of heterogeneous workers" from Marcela Eslava
- "Explaining export diversification: an empirical analysis" from Ricardo Bebczuk & Daniel Berrettoni
- "Incidence of business and economic uncertainty over technology-intensity and organizational choice when forming cooperative ventures: evidence from Latin America" from Eduardo Pablo
The 2004 winning papers about "Increasing the commercial presence of Latin America in the global economy" were:
- "El sector agrícola y los procesos de integración latinoamericanos" from Gabriela Cuadra & David Florian
The 2003 winning papers about "How to take up growing in Latin America again?" were:
- "Constrained banks and constrained borrowers: Does bank liquidity affect loan growth, collateral and default risk" from Daniel Paravisini
- "Especialización y crecimiento de las exportaciones en América Latina: investigación de la naturaleza de la competencia de productos entre diferentes exportadores" from Jorge Chami Batista
- "Industrial location and local incentive policies in Brazil: an empirical investigation" from Marcelo Resende & Ricardo Wylie
- "Recursos agrícolas y crecimiento económico: explorando el laberinto de una vieja paradoja" from Carlos Guapatín
- "¿Es la inversión en capital humano la via para el fomento del crecimiento económico? El caso de Costa Rica" from David Cardoza, Rodrigo Briceño & James Carcome
The 2002 winning papers about "Research Support Program Launch" were:
- "Mecanismo de generación de capital social en programas gubernamentales de desarrollo en Venezuela" from Norma Madrid
- "Costos y beneficios de la integración del Hemisferio Occidental: testeando el modelo de gravedad en datos de panel 1980-1999" from Wilmar Ascárraga
- "Análisis de la decisión 486 de la CAN: su legalidad y aplicabilidad en cuanto a sus exigencias sobre el origen legal de los recursos genéticos y conocimientos indígenas" from Manuel Ruiz Muller